The mobile app development industry is evolving with each passing day, changing the way businesses function worldwide. Mobile technology has opened new doors of opportunities, empowering businesses, or startups to take the next big step in the business world. Today, a large number of startups and established companies are looking forward to mobile app development to create loyal customers by engaging with them.
In today’s time, it is common that everyone uses smartphones for their day-to-day activity like online shopping, food ordering, ticket booking, etc.
If you have a mobile app idea and want to build a mobile application for your business, it’s time to validate it. Keeping in mind your business strategy to make native, hybrid, or cross-platform apps, here in this article we are going to discuss the top 10 programming languages for mobile app development.
Years ago, there were only two platforms for which developers used to write code- one for Android and the second one is iOS. But, in today’s time, there are various programming languages, frameworks, SDKs, and tools available in the market that you can use to build a mobile application.
From low-level to high-level programming for hybrid apps and native development, this guide contains everything you need to know about programming languages for app development.
Let’s dive in.
Let’s Have a Took at Types of Mobile Applications-
Mobile applications now can be built using different mobile app development platforms that are given below-
Native apps– You can write the code in a language for a particular mobile operating system like a native iOS app and native Android app.
Hybrid apps- It is also known as Cross-platform development in which developers can build a single code and can run it on multiple platforms such as Android, iOS, and Microsoft.
Progressive Web Applications (PWA)- It is a lightweight app that runs on a mobile browser. Apps built in PWA looks and feels like a native mobile app.
Top 10 Programming Languages for Mobile App Development
Let’s take a look at each one of these programming languages below.
Objective-C was the first programming language by Apple to develop iOS applications that scalable and robust. As a part of the Apple development framework, Objective-C is fully integrated into all iOS and macOS frameworks. It uses syntax from C and the OO aspects of SmallTalk.
Swift is considered as the feature of programming language that was introduced in 2014 as an Apple programming language for iOS app development. It has become the first choice of developers when it comes to developing modern and feature-rich iOS applications. If compare with Objective-C, Swift is a more advanced language that is easy to build robust applications. Apple developers who are familiar with Objective-c can easily switch to Swift.
Java is the official language, launched in 2008, for Android app development. And today, it is the most used language for Android app development. Mobile app developers prefer Java for Android application development. Many apps in the Play Store are build using Java. There are many reasons like large community support, easy debugging, easy to write code make is the best language for app development. However, it is a little complex for beginners who want to learn mobile app development.
Kotlin is the most popular general purpose and open-source programming language, which is used to build an Android application. This was introduced in 2017, since then has been in trending among the Android application developers. Designed by Google for the JVM (Java Virtual Machine) and Android, Kotlin has similar features and functionalities as Java. Overall, Kotlin is the upgraded version of Java.
Xamarin and C#
Considered as one of the best languages for mobile app development, Xamarin is a free and open-source technology, made up of tools, programming languages, and libraries to build different types of mobile applications. Loved by developers and trusted by enterprises, Xamarin is easy to learn and build applications for Android, iOS, tvOS, watchOS, macOS, and Windows. It allows mobile application developers to write code using C# against other frameworks.
Scala is one of the most up to date programming languages in the market that released as a stable version in June 2020. It is a free and general-purpose programming language providing support for both object-oriented programming and functional programming. Basically, this language is designed to address the problems faced by Java. It comes equipped with advanced tools and libraries that make it best for mobile app development.
Ruby is also the best and easy-to-use language for building mobile apps. This is an object-oriented, general-purpose programming language that is inspired by other languages like Perl, Effiel, Ada, and Smalltalk. Ruby supports multiple programming that is object-oriented, functional, and imperative. Thus, developers can build cross-platform native applications using this technology with ease as it has functionalities, which offer a standard structure for mobile app development.
Python is the most popular programming language, which is widely being used for building robust, and secure mobile applications. This language has the potential to be used for building mobile applications, APIs for mobile applications, web applications, desktop GUIs, and software. Applications like Dropbox, Instagram, YouTube, Reddit, BitTorrent, Spotify, OpenStack, Quora, and so many more have been created in Python.
C++ is a simple language if you have worked with C as both the languages share almost all the features except that C++ is more comprehensive. You can write code easily in C++ for your Android mobile application using the Android Native Development Kit (NDK). However, you cannot build complete applications using alone C++. Thus, NDA is used to build parts of the app in c++ native code. For this purpose, developers require C++ code libraries for the app. Applications like Photoshop, Google Chrome, PayPal, Amazon, and many more are written C++.
Whether it is Android app development or iOS app development, there are a lot of programming languages that you can choose to build mobile applications. All these languages listed in this guide are good and valid choices to consider for any kind of mobile application. However, they each have pros and cons. You just need to find out what’s best for you, your business, and your goals. Choose the language that meets your budget and requirements.